Acne / Pimples Treatment.

Acne / Pimples Treatment. Treatment By

Dr Nikunja Kumar Dash

MBBS, MD.(SKIN & VD). 14 years experience overall as Dermatologist , Venereologist & Leprologist.

Acne / Pimples Treatment.

Acne Treatment Treatment in Bhubaneswar

Acne is a very common skin condition that causes pimples. You’ll usually get pimples on your face. Clogged pores cause acne. Teenagers and young adults most often get acne, but it can also occur during adulthood for many people. Treatment is available to clear acne from your skin and prevent scarring.

Acne is a skin condition when your hairs become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It generates whiteheads, blackheads or pimples. Acne is most familiar among teenagers, though it concerns people of all ages.

Effective acne cures are available, but acne can be ongoing. The pimples and bumps recover slowly; when one begins to disappear, others seem to crop up.

Depending on its harshness, acne can cause emotional despair and scar the skin. The before you start treatment, the inferior your risk of such problems.

What is acne?

Acne is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that provokes spots and pimples, particularly on the face, shoulders, back, chest, neck, and upper arms.

Whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, and nodules are all types of acne.

It is the most common skin condition in India, affecting up to 40 million Indians yearly.

It commonly happens during puberty, when the sebaceous glands start, though it can happen at any age. Acne is not dangerous, but it can leave skin scars.

The sebaceous glands produce oil. Acne is produced by men hormones produced by the adrenal glands in both gentlemen and ladies.

At least 90 per cent of people in India experience acne between 12 and 24 years.

Different Types of Acne?

If you have acne, you might notice a mix of pimple types.

Whiteheads and blackheads, referred to as comedones, are the most common acne lesions.

Blackheads, or open comedones, open at the texture of your skin. Oxygen in the air (not dirt) shows the top of these spots their darker appearance.

Whiteheads, or closed comedones, form as raised bumps under the surface of your skin. They remain flesh-coloured.

Inflammatory lesions, which are more likely to cause scarring of your skin, include:

Papules. These small, red, raised, inflamed or infected hair follicles cause bumps.

Pustules. These small red pimples have pus at their tips.

Nodules. These solid, often unhappy lumps develop under the shell of your skin.

Cysts. These large lumps beneath your skin contain pus and are usually painful.

Symptoms of Acne

Acne symptoms vary depending on the harshness of your situation:

- Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
- Blackheads (open plugged pores)
- Small red, tender bumps (papules)
- Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
- Large, solid, painful lumps under the skin (nodules)
- Painful, pus-filled lumps under the skin (cystic lesions)

Acne usually occurs on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.

Causes of Acne

Both male and female skin has pores that associate with oil glands underneath the skin. Follicles commune the glands to the pores. Follicles are tiny sacs that construct and perspire liquid.

The glands produce an oily liquidTrusted Source called sebum. Sebum maintains dead skin cells via the follicles to the skin's surface. A small hair grows via the follicle out of the skin.

Pimples grow when these follicles get blocked, and oil builds up under the skin.

Skin cells, sebum, and hair can clump into a cork. This cork gets contaminated with bacteria, and swelling results. Acne starts to develop when the plug begins to break down.

Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is the name which is responsible for the bacteria that live on the skin and donate to the infection of pimples.

Research suggestsTrusted Source that the harshness and commonness of acne rely on the strain of bacteria. Not all acne bacteria are responsible for acne. One strain enables to maintain the skin acne-free.

Hormonal factors
A range of factors triggers acne, but the main cause is increased androgen levels.

Androgen is a type of hormone, the levels of which rise when adolescence begins. In women, it gets converted into estrogen.

growth of androgen levels causes the oil glands that are beneath the skin to produce. The enlarged gland creates more sebum. Excessive sebum can crack down cellular walls in the pores, causing bacteria to grow.

Other possible triggers
Some studies suggestTrusted Source that genetic factors may increase the risk.

Available Acne Treatments

The acne treatment plan that's right for you depends on many considerations, including

- What type of acne (i.e., blackheads, pimples, etc.) do you have
- Where the acne appears on your skin
- What treatments you’ve already tried
- When the breakouts started
- Your age
- Whether the acne has left you with dark spots or scars

While a therapy plan can differ from one patient to the next, treatment often follows these guidelines for two patients with the same kind of acne.

Whiteheads, blackheads, or both: If you keep these breakouts, you'll probably use acne medication for your skin. Your therapy plan may include one of the following:

- A retinoid
- A retinoid + benzoyl peroxide, azelaic acid, or salicylic acid
- Benzoyl peroxide + an antibiotic you apply to your skin

Pimples: Mild or moderate pimples cure with the medicine you apply to your skin. The cure will often consist of utilizing one of the following:

- Benzoyl peroxide
- A Retinoid
- Azelaic acid

Benzoyl peroxide + a retinoid or an antibiotic you apply to your skin
Women who persist in getting breakouts may require medication, such as a birth management tablet which is approved by the U.S.(FDA) and has agreed to cure pimples or scars. The birth management patch may even be useful, as can some other drugs.

You'll find more information about stubborn acne that women can develop: Stubborn acne? Hormonal therapy may help